YDS paragraf soruları… İngilizce paragrafta ve sorularda geçen bazı önemli kelimeler sayfanın en altında Türkçe anlamlarıyla verilmektedir.
1-4. soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız.
In 2010, Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted, spewing thick ash high into the atmosphere. The volcano itself did relatively little damage in Iceland itself, but the ash cloud spread across much of Europe. Because volcanic ash can wreck havoc with a modern jet plane’s engines, air travel throughout much of Europe was essentially shut down for more than a week, causing damages of at least $5 billion and inconveniencing millions of travelers. In 2011, Iceland’s Grimsvotn volcano began erupting on May 21, sending more ash into the air. That also led to the closure of hundreds of flights in Britain, Scotland and northern Germany for a while, with airports blocked by the ash. The Grimsvotn eruption was another reminder of how easily globalization could be interrupted by the vagaries of the natural world. In fact, the disruption from the Eyjafjallajökull volcano was so widespread that air travel officials essentially wanted to put a blanket ban on flights within the ash cloud. However, instead of a blanket ban, officials finally evaluated various levels of ash contamination, and airlines themselves made the choice about whether or not to fly. Although European air space, consisting of a patchwork of 27 different national air traffic zones, remained a bit of a mess, each was able to impose flying bans on its own.
erupt – to become active and spew forth lava and rocks ([yanardağ] patlamak)
spew – to eject (saliva or phlegm or sputum) from the mouth (kusmak, fışkırmak))
relatively – by comparison to something else (bir dereceye kadar; diğerlerine nazaran)
wreck – to smash or break forcefully (kazaya uğramak, enkaz haline getirmek)
havoc – wide and general destruction; devastation; waste (hasar)
essentially – in essence; at bottom or by one’s (or its) very nature (aslında)
inconvenience – to cause inconvenience or discomfort to (rahatsızlık vermek, işini zorlaştırmak)
vagaries – unexpected changes in something (önceden tahmin edilemeyen şeyler)
devastating – capable of wreaking complete destruction (yok edici)
vulnerability – state of being vulnerable or exposed (hassasiyet, zarar görebilirlik)
disruption – act of delaying or interrupting the continuity (aksama, kesilme)
exposure – vulnerability to the elements (maruz kalma, karşı karşıya kalma)
blanket ban – complete prohibition (tamamen yasaklama)
guidelines – directions or principles (öneriler, yönergeler, ana esaslar)
patchwork – something irregularly clumsily composed (derme çatma şey, karmaşık birleşim)
impose – to compel to behave in a certain way (zorlamak, empoze etmek)
contamination – the state of being contaminated (kirlenme, kirlilik)
YDS İngilizce paragraf & reading (okuma parçaları) soruları hakkında görüş ve önerilerinizi yorum kısmından iletebilirsiniz.